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Page de résumé pour ULgetd-03312010-170938

Auteur : Rénert, Anne-Françoise
URN : ULgetd-03312010-170938
Langue : Français/French
Titre : Proteomic and molecular studies on ceramide signalling pathways in cancer cells
Intitulé du diplôme : Doctorat en sciences biomédicales et pharmaceutiques
Département : Médecine - Département de pharmacie
Jury :
Nom : Titre :
DE GRAEVE, Jean Membre du jury/Committee Member
EL YAZIDI, Ikram Membre du jury/Committee Member
MICHIELS, Carine Membre du jury/Committee Member
PIETTE, Jacques Membre du jury/Committee Member
PIROTTE, Bernard Président du jury/Committee Chair
FILLET, Marianne Promoteur/Director
MERVILLE, Marie-Paule Promoteur/Director
Mots-clés :
  • apoptosis/apoptose
  • cancer cells/cellules cancéreuses
  • 2D-DIGE
  • Btf
  • ceramide/céramides
Date de soutenance : 2010-04-01
Type d'accès : Public/Internet
Résumé :

Besides playing its structural function in cellular membranes, ceramide has been recognized as a bioactive signalling molecule playing roles in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, senescence and programmed cell death. Apoptosis can be induced in cancer cells by elevation of endogenous ceramide levels in response to a variety of apoptotic stimuli such as cytokines (TNF, IL-1), death receptor ligands (Fas ligand), heat stress, oxidative stress, chemotherapeutic agents, and ionizing or ultraviolet radiation. It was shown that use of exogenous cell-permeable short-chain ceramide can also promote apoptotic pathways in cancer cells. Several studies have attempted to further define the specific role of ceramide in cell death. However, the mechanisms by which ceramide mediates antiproliferative pathways or inhibits prosurvival effects are not yet well-defined. So, we investigated the signalling pathways triggered by exogenously-supplied natural long chain ceramide, especially C16-ceramide, to better understand how this messenger induces its biological effects in cancer cells.

We first showed that C16-ceramide induced a decrease in viability of adenocarcinoma cells (HCT116), partly due to apoptosis. Using two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) proteomic approach, we identified new proteins involved notably in cell proliferation, apoptosis, protein transport and transcriptional regulation in response to exogenous C16-ceramide. Among them, the death promoting factor Btf (Bcl-2-associated transcription factor) was found to be involved in the ceramide-dependent pro-apoptotic signalling pathway. Indeed, Btf-depleted colon cancer cells were found to be more resistant to death triggered by C16-ceramide. Transfection of GFP-Btf expression plasmid up-regulated p53 and BAX protein levels whereas pBcl-2 and Mdm2 expression were down-regulated. Furthermore, we identified a new signalling pathway specifically induced by C16-ceramide, depending on Btf and leading to down-regulation of the Mdm2 protein expression and MDM2 promoter activity. Thus, we provided new information on molecular mechanisms involved in the ceramide-mediated cell death.

Then, we investigated the regulation of Emerin expression and its post-translational modifications induced by ceramide. We found that cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) could be involved in the C16-ceramide induced-Emerin phosphorylation. However, we did not demonstrate the interaction between Btf and phosphorylated-Emerin upon ceramide treatment. Nevertheless, we showed that one of the pathway induced by ceramide implies Emerin and leads to down-regulation of the MDM2 promoter activity. We also hypothesized that GCL (germ-cell-less) could be an intermediate in the Emerin-Mdm2 pathway triggered by C16-ceramide. Furthermore, we showed that Emerin-depleted cells were not more sensitive to apoptosis induced by C16-ceramide. These results should allow us to further explore the potential functions of Emerin in a ceramide-dependent pathway.

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[Public/Internet] intro.pdf 3.61 Mb 00:08:35 00:00:19
[Public/Internet] part1.pdf 3.59 Mb 00:08:32 00:00:19

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