A large body of literature exists regarding linear and nonlinear dynamic absorbers, but the vast majority of it deals with linear primary structures. However, nonlinearity is a frequency occurrence in engineering applications. Therefore, the present thesis focuses on the mitigation of vibrations of nonlinear primary systems using nonlinear dynamic absorbers. Because most existing contributions about their design rely on optimization and sensitivity analysis procedures, which are computationally demanding, or on analytic methods, which may be limited to small-amplitude motions, this thesis sets the emphasis on a tuning procedure of nonlinear vibration absorbers that can be computationally tractable and treat strongly nonlinear regimes of motion.
The proposed methodology is a two-step procedure relying on a frequency-energy based approach followed by a bifurcation analysis. The first step, carried out in the free vibration case, imposes the absorber to possess a qualitatively similar dependence on energy as the primary system. This gives rise to an optimal nonlinear functional form and an initial set of absorber parameters. Based upon these initial results, the second step, carried out in the forced vibration case, exploits the relevant information contained within the nonlinear frequency response functions, namely, the bifurcation points. Their tracking in parameter space enables the adjustment of the design parameter values to reach a suitable tuning of the absorber.
The use of the resulting integrated tuning methodology on nonlinear vibration absorbers coupled to systems with nonlinear damping is then investigated. The objective lies in determining an appropriate functional form for the absorber so that the limit cycle oscillation suppression is maximized.
Finally, the proposed tuning methodology of nonlinear vibration absorbers may impose the use of complicated nonlinear functional forms whose practical realization, using mechanical elements, may be difficult. In this context, an electro-mechanical nonlinear vibration absorber relying on piezoelectric shunting possesses attractive features as various functional forms for the absorber nonlinearity can be achieved through proper circuit design. The foundation of this new approach are laid down and the perspectives are discussed.